Basic Git commands

There are some fundamental git commands that you will use frequently that are hard to work into a "how-to" guide. Here are some basic git commands and how to use them. These are in no specific order.

1

git branch -v will show you all of your local branches, their commit messages, and which branch is checked out.

2

git status will show you the status of the branch you currently have checked out. Before you switch branches, merge, pull or push you want to make sure you have a clean working directory and you can check with git status.

3

git checkout -b branch_name will create a branch from the branch you currently have checked out, and it will be called "branch_name" or whatever you'd like to call it.

4

git add . is a useful command that will version control any new files and remove from version control any files that you've deleted. If you have a file that has been added to git that you have deleted from your repository, it won't be deleted from git until you use git add ..