How to Install pip on Mac, Windows, and Linux
The Python standard library includes a great set of modules, but many projects will require the use of third-party modules. Python modules are grouped into packages, so in order to use external modules, we’ll need to install the appropriate package. That’s where pip comes in.
What is pip?
Python packages are maintained in a central repository call PyPI (Python Package Index). It can be pronounced “pie pee eye” or “pie pie”, but not “pie pee” or “pee pee” or anything like that. Now, you could download packages directly from this repository yourself, but that would be a pain.
Pip stands for “pip installs packages”. It’s a command-line tool that allows you to install, upgrade, and uninstall Python packages.
In this guide, we’ll cover how to install pip for Python on all major platforms.
To instead learn how to install Python 3 on Windows 10, then check out our guide.
1 – Install pip on macOS
There are a few options to install pip on MacOS:
Option 1: Use Homebrew (recommended)
Homebrew is one of the better package managers for Mac. To install Homebrew, open Terminal and type:
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
Read more here.
Install pip using Homebrew
Using Homebrew to install python will install the latest Python (Python 3.7 currently), pip, and Setuptools.
brew install python
Option 2: Use easy_install
easy_install is the predecessor to pip, and it comes preinstalled on macOS (along with Python 2). You can use easy_install to install pip for Python 2.
sudo easy_install pip
2 – Install pip on Windows
Download the installer script
Right click on this installer script and select Save As….
Run the installer script
Open the Command Prompt, then navigate to the directory where you downloaded the script.
3 – Install pip on Linux
The command to install pip on Linux will vary based on the distribution you’re using (and the package manager). Below I’ll list the common package managers.
APT (Advanced Packaging Tool)
sudo apt-get install python-pip
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo pacman -S python2-pip
sudo pacman -S python-pip
sudo yum upgrade python-setuptools sudo yum install python-pip python-wheel
sudo yum install python3 python3-wheel
4 – Learn how to install Python packages using pip
Now that pip is installed, learn how to install Python packages using pip.